History of the breed by david leavitt


How it started

In 1971, I started this project of breeding a dog with the looks of the 18th century Bulldog. I had become disenchanted with English Bulldogs, due to breeding and breathing problems. I discovered that they didn’t look like their ancestors, who were healthier and less extreme.

I found that bull and bear-baiting had been very widespread for hundreds of years. Extreme cruelty to animals was inherent in baiting sports. This cruelty was abhorrent to me, but I was fascinated by the great tenacity and courage of the over-matched underdog. 

I was also drawn to the Bulldog because of his fierce appearance. A modern protection dog, which looks really tough, will repulse an assailant without having to bite. This is the most desirable end to a confrontation. 

I couldn’t find a reliable source for old style Bulldogs, and set about the daunting task of breeding back. I named the breed Olde English Bulldogge. 


Establishing a standard

Research has been critical in developing a standard. I have period statues, paintings, prints, and all the important older dog books. I found that Bulldog sizes varied during different periods, due to changes in the way the baits were staged. Like all old working breeds, Bulldogs were not bred to a strict standard. Their distinctive body, head, and temperament, were dictated instead by their work. 

I do not want the temperament of the original Bulldog. My dogs must be very loving. They must have courage and determination, without being overly aggressive. I can’t count on buyers to get their dogs under good obedience control. If I have to make a mistake, it must be on the friendly side, and if someone wants their dog to be sharper, all it takes is bit of training. I’d rather teach a friendly dog to bite, than vice versa. 


A carefully planned breeding scheme

I’m using a line-breeding scheme, developed for cattle at Ohio State University. You start with 3 unrelated dogs, two males and one female. Female pups from the first cross are bred to the second male. From this point, females are bred back to uncles, each generation. 

I have 2 unrelated schemes started, so future outcrosses will be possible. I’ve used breeds that all have old Bulldog in their background. 

The process of getting the dogs to match the old depictions is actually rapid due to the breeds used, and a dogs’ short gestation period. I try to get on to the next generation as quickly as possible, to make genetic progress and get consistent results. 

I’m up to the eight and ninth generations on the two lines, at the time of this printing in 1995. My dogs can now breathe. They will never be like hounds, able to run for miles during the hottest weather of summer, but they’re three times better than the restricted modern Bulldog. 

Cesarean section births are not necessary. Artificial insemination, due to male ineptness and lack of drive, has been replaced by natural ties. Life span is over eleven years. All breeding stock have had hip x-rays. No dog with bad hips is bred. 

I’m now achieving my goal of producing a Bulldog with the health and temperament to be able to serve people, instead of forcing people to serve him. 

Interview with David Leavitt

The Bulldog Social Club Podcast

Published on 3 Mar 2019

*** Pictures & videos courtesy of OldExode Bull ***

0:27 : Breeding back to a dog with the looks of the English Bulldogs of the pre-1830s  

1:15 : Foundation stock

2:58 : Hip X-Rays & health testing

3:25 : Temperament

3:39 : Working ability

4:33 : Matching old art work

5:47 : Training & socialisation

7:53 : Why we promote friendly dogs

8:53 : Thoughts on training & early neurological stimulation

23:33 : Bulldog history

27:32 : Setting strict breeding criteria 

33:20 : Thoughts on e-collars & prong collars

35:09 : Experience with shelter pitbulls

37:07 : Balancing courage with sense

38:07 : Perfect shape

38:38 : The issue with pitbulls

40:14 : Why we called our dogs "Leavitt Bulldogs"

41:05 : Thoughts on other bulldog boards & registries

43:00 : Selecting breeds for your programme

45:03 : For dog breeding and dog training, talk is cheap

48:32 : Negative - Positive - Positive

51:47 : Working dog competitions

55:00 : Dogs with drive

55:26 : Assessing training classes

59:20 : Learning from good trainers

1:03:22 : Thoughts on punishment

1:04:36 : Thoughts on genetic diversity